They are everywhere. on our computers. in our smartphones. Simple internet search. Automatic translation…Artificial Intelligence (AI) is taking up more and more space in our lives. Without necessarily being fully aware of it. They are also mobilizing more and more professionals around the world.
In Cannes, an entirely new exhibition, the Cannes Global Festival of Artificial Intelligence, is dedicated to these technologies “capable of simulating human intelligence,” as Larousse defines it. This Saturday, this event, organized in the Croisette Convention Center, is open even to the general public.
The opportunity to evaluate the evolution of these AI systems. How far can you go? What are their limits? 20 minutes asked researcher Antoine Bordes. At CNRS until 2014, this specialist has since been co-director of Fair (Facebook’s Artificial Intelligence Research), Meta’s primary research lab in artificial intelligence.
What does the birth of this new event in Cannes symbolize?
There have already been presentations that have addressed AI, such as the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, on smartphones, CES in Las Vegas, which is more general, or even Vivatech in Paris. But this event in Cannes is truly the first of its kind to be entirely dedicated to artificial intelligence, from research to consumers. It is an innovation that demonstrates the place it occupies in the economy today.
How fast has technology developed in recent years?
There are areas that are still too complex for machines. But for some, which are classics, like object recognition, machine translation, and speech recognition, progress has been really, really fast. Much faster than experts expected.
What applications is artificial intelligence used in today?
Let’s start from the opposite, things will go much faster. Today, in all things digital, what applications do not use artificial intelligence? There are very few. It is used to create new experiences and new entertainment by offering new tools to creators and brands. It is obviously used to organize platforms like ours; For example, to protect them by detecting content that should not be there. The entire ecosystem is affected by AI to varying degrees.
AI is also developing science…
It actually helps greatly in scientific discovery. in biology and chemistry. For medical research as well, as it allows for very rapid progress, both in the processing of data and in the way hypotheses are generated.
I can give two examples. One of them we developed is called Fast MRI. It’s an algorithm that allows image reconstruction to speed up this medical imaging procedure, which is a lengthy procedure and can be a bit painful. Usually, it is a test that lasts 15 to 30 minutes. We were able to divide this time by roughly four by taking fewer pictures and asking the AI to complete the sequence. Clinically tested with doctors. It is open source just like all the research we do which will be able to be used by manufacturers.
Our colleagues at DeepMind [Google] They also developed software that can predict the structure of proteins from their amino acid sequences. It will be a building block for biology tomorrow.
Let’s talk about the future. AI will continue to grow over time, but will its development have limits?
Researcher Yann LeCun, who works with us, often explains that AI is more like animal intelligence than human intelligence. This means that it can be more advanced in certain sectors, but not in general. It will be more and more efficient to perform certain categories of tasks. On the other hand, seeing the same AI doing recipes as well, analyzing proteins or even translating all languages, seems more complicated to me. To have intelligence that we can call “general”, which will be able to do everything, we are still very far from it. So yeah, in that sense, I think there is a limit.
So there’s no danger of seeing a machine, as in some science fiction movies, gaining a conscience and turning against its creator?
There has been a discussion on Twitter about the possibility of conscious artificial intelligence systems. But I think the community is still skeptical about all of this. At the same time, we haven’t really defined what machine consciousness might be…we should. In the meantime, we are creating regulatory frameworks to determine its use, the data on which it is based and which applications we are entitled to use. And an artificial intelligence that will be so clever that it will be able to go beyond its limits in a subtle way and get us out of the plug so we can stay connected… This is a theory that is exactly science fiction.
Compared to this animal intelligence we’re talking about, some people think that an AI might want to fend for itself from separation in the name of its survival instinct… That sounds very fancy to me.