Definition | Artificial Intelligence – AI

Definition | Artificial Intelligence - AI


definition ofintelligence artificial: Artificial Intelligence (IA or AI in English for Artificial intelligence) is the implementation of a number of technologies aimed at allowing machines to imitate some form of real intelligence. Artificial intelligence is being implemented in a growing number of fieldsApplication.

This concept was born in the fifties of the last century thanks to the mathematician Alan Turing. in his book Computing machines and intelligenceThe latter raises the question of endowing machines with a form of intelligence. He then describes a test now known as the “Turing test” in which a person interacts blindly with another human, and then with a machine programmed to formulate reasonable responses. If the subject is not able to tell the difference, then the machine has passed the test and, according to the author, can really be considered “smart”.

to The Google to Microsoft via appleAnd IBM where FBAll the major companies in the IT world are now working on solving problemsartificial intelligence Try to apply it to a few specific areas. Thus, each of them established networks artificial neurons made of servers It makes it possible to handle heavy arithmetic operations within a giant database.

Artificial intelligence, some examples of use

The artificial visionFor example, it allows the device to accurately select the content of an image and then automatically classify it according to the object, the color or a mottled face.

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Algorithms are able to improve their computation as they process. This is how anti-spam filters become more effective as the user identifies a spam message or, conversely, processes false positives.

The speech recognition he have Wind In the rear with virtual assistants able to transcribe words expressed in natural language and then process Queries Either by replying directly via a voice synthesiseither by interpretation or by submitting an application in connection with the application.

Artificial intelligence, unlimited potential

The possibilities of artificial intelligence seem to be growing exponentially.
In recent years, we have gone from simple chat bot The use of artificial intelligence to help make critical decisions, whether in the medical or military fields.
With such diverse areas of application, the need for data experts is emerging in many sectors of activity. This is particularly the case for banking and insurance players who have not hesitated to prepare for the careers of tomorrow, with specialized schools and training to become Data analyst for example.

While the size of the artificial intelligence market in 2015 amounted to $200 million, it is estimated that in 2025 it will increase to nearly $90 billion.

What is artificial intelligence?

Definition | Artificial Intelligence - AI

Its limits are constantly being pushed, and it’s on everyone’s lips. And not just scientists. Artificial intelligence (AI), which once belonged exclusively to science fiction, is gradually entering our lives. And the possibilities it offers far exceed the destructive power of Terminator. It is enough to speak with his Google Assistant to realize this.

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Behind AI, it hides many machines that have a common denominator: machine learning. This technology makes it possible to store a large amount of data in a . format brain where neural network virtual. A distinction is made between strong AI and weak AI. The first includes machines that are able to act intelligently, but also to absorb abstract concepts and a real perception close to the emotions experienced by humans. Machines that are limited to solving problems fall into the category of weak AI.

What is the use of artificial intelligence?

The areas of application of artificial intelligence are numerous. It’s on cameras smart phones. in fashion Leilait makes it possible to adapt colorimetry to the environment, returning the original brilliance of the illuminated facade to faithfully reproduce it on your image.

at PhotographyAI also intervenes to detect specific scenes, to stabilize the device or to improve zoom accuracy. Facial recognition is another technology made possible by artificial intelligence. It is used to identify a mobile phone user, but also more broadly to identify people, for example at airports.

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AI is also being introduced into the military field (for example for decision making in Drone), in the financial sector (assessing practical risks such as granting a mortgage), in medicine (Diagnosis Emotion lenses), at Roboticsin video games (animation of non-player characters), in transportation (traffic management in public transportation) and industries (implementation of systems maintenance to deal with production problems).

How does artificial intelligence work?

AI machines memorize behaviors. This memorizing action later allows them to solve problems and act properly when faced with such a situation. This learning is done using databases and algorithms. This complex work helps the machine to gauge the importance of the problem, scrutinize possible solutions and similar past situations in order to behave well.

It is actually a very complex and powerful statistical system that leads the machine to make a decision or obtain the expected behavior. To measure its intelligence, the machine undergoes a Turing test. This is Door The name of the inventor of artificial intelligence, Alan Turing. This British mathematician was one of the first to ask, in 1950, whether a machine could think. Turing’s test consists of talking to the machine and asking them to create something with specific criteria that it must respect.

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