Who are the pioneers of artificial intelligence?

Who are the pioneers of artificial intelligence?

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The AI ​​boom is making a lot of noise. For some, it is annoying and for others, it opens the way to many positive applications. But who are the pioneers of artificial intelligence?

Term created by John McCarthy” artificial intelligence »(Artificial intelligence or AI, in English) characterizes the development of computer programs capable of taking responsibility for tasks typically performed by humans because they require learning, organization of memory, and logical reasoning. The goal is to successfully transfer specific functions of living organisms to a machine: rationality, thinking, memory, and cognition.

One of its creators, Marvin Lee Minsky, defines artificial intelligence as: ” The Construction Computer programs that engage in tasks that, at present, humans perform most satisfactorily because they require high-level mental processes such as: perceptual learning, organizing memory and critical thinking.

We evoke the artificial aspect because it is obtained by a robot or a machine. We use the term “ intelligence Because the goal is to get close to human behavior.

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John McCarthy, one of the fathers of artificial intelligence

John McCarthy He was born on September 4, 1927 in Boston, and died on October 24, 2011. He is one of the two pioneers of artificial intelligence. Symbolic logic embodies the current assertion.

Marvin Lee Minsky, one of the pioneers of artificial intelligence

As for Marvin Lee Minsky, he was born a little earlier on August 9, 1927 and died on January 24, 2016. He is the co-founder with John McCarthy of the Artificial Intelligence Group at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). working in the field of Cognitive sciences and artificial intelligence.

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